Ponente: ARELLANO, C.J.

Decision Date: 1902-05-01

GR Number: G.R. No. 924

Digest Team 3 months ago
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Summary:

Category: Civil (including Admiralty Law) Pio Ivancich, the petitioner, seeks a writ of prohibition against Judge Arthur F. Odlin and the Pacific Export Lumber Company, the respondents. The petitioner argues that the judge exceeded his jurisdiction by attaching the Austrian steamer Marguerite without following the proper procedure. The petitioner also argues that the attachment was levied without affidavit, bond, or any of the securities established by law. The Supreme Court denies the petition, stating that the judge did not act without jurisdiction and that any errors in procedure can be corrected through other means.
Doctrine: In the Philippines, vessels, even foreign vessels, can be attached and sold under the substantive law of the Code of Commerce and the procedural law contained in the same code. The attachment and sale of a vessel can be enforced through the provisions of the Code of Commerce and the old Code of Civil Procedure.
Facts: The Pacific Export Lumber Company filed a libel against the Austrian steamer Marguerite, alleging that the captain of the vessel deviated from her proper course and caused damages to the company. The company claimed expenses for fuel, harbor dues, coal, loss of time, and damages caused by the retention of freights. The owners of the steamer refused to contribute their share for the general average loss and refused to call for a general average contribution from the consignees of the cargo.
Petitioner Arguments:
- The judge exceeded his jurisdiction by attaching the vessel without following the proper procedure.
- The attachment was levied without affidavit, bond, or any of the securities established by law.
Respondent Arguments: None mentioned in the case digest.
Issues and Ruling:
1. Did the judge exceed his jurisdiction by attaching the vessel without following the proper procedure? NO. The Supreme Court states that the judge did not act without jurisdiction when directing the attachment of the vessel. The attachment and sale of a vessel can be enforced through the provisions of the Code of Commerce and the old Code of Civil Procedure.
2. Was the attachment levied without affidavit, bond, or any of the securities established by law? Not mentioned in the case digest.
Dispositive: The petition for a writ of prohibition is denied, with costs to the petitioner.

Doctrine:

The court held that under the Code of Commerce, any vessel found in a port in the Philippines, even if it is a foreign vessel, may be attached and sold to enforce liens. The procedural law for attachment and sale of a vessel is defined in the Code of Commerce and the old Code of Civil Procedure, which are still in force in the Philippines.

Facts:

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Petitioner’s/Plaintiff’s Arguments:

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Respondent’s/Defendant’s Arguments:

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Issues and Ruling:

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Dispositive:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Donec enim diam vulputate ut pharetra sit amet aliquam id. Gravida rutrum quisque non tellus. Donec ultrices tincidunt arcu non. Ut aliquam purus sit amet. Pulvinar neque laoreet suspendisse interdum consectetur. Non enim praesent elementum facilisis leo vel fringilla est ullamcorper. Interdum varius sit amet mattis vulputate enim. Sagittis vitae et leo duis ut. Commodo quis imperdiet massa tincidunt nunc pulvinar sapien. Erat imperdiet sed euismod nisi porta. Nulla facilisi nullam vehicula ipsum a arcu cursus vitae. Amet aliquam id diam maecenas ultricies mi eget. Sit amet nulla facilisi morbi tempus iaculis urna id volutpat. Volutpat consequat mauris nunc congue nisi vitae. Sagittis eu volutpat odio facilisis mauris. A arcu cursus vitae congue mauris rhoncus. Amet purus gravida quis blandit. Faucibus vitae aliquet nec ullamcorper sit amet. Sed egestas egestas fringilla phasellus faucibus scelerisque eleifend donec pretium.

Other Notes:

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