Criminal

Ponente: VITUG, J.

Decision Date: 2003-02-11

GR Number: G.R. No. 142396

Giana Larrauri 7 months ago
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Summary:

VITUG, J.:

Rules to dismiss petitioner Minucher's case as Respondent Scalzo, as an agent of the United Stated Drug Enforcement Agency allowed by the PH government to conduct activities in the country to help contain problem in drug traffic is entitled to the defense of state immunity from suit. 

While the authenticity of Scalzo's diplomatic immunity was contentious to the Court of Appeals, there was sufficient evidence that he was acting within his duty as Assistant Attach to the USDEA in conducting operations in surveillance of drug operations that might also be reaching the US. It was in his duty to inform the host country's local officers of his duty to help them in doing so.

Minucher, an Iranian refugee of the United Nation failed to win over his petitions because his complaint were not proven to be beyond the duties of a diplomatic representative. Scalzo did such acts in accordance with his duties and thus is encapsulated within the State of Immunity as these cannot be proven to be acts against the sovereign with respect to Par in parem non habet imperium in which equals have no sovereignty over each other. 

A foreign agent, operating within a territory, can be cloaked with immunity from suit but only as long as it can be established that he is acting within the directives of the sending state. It has also been established that PH granted consent/ imprimatur to the US to conduct such acts.

Vienna Convention rin diplomatic missions as sacrosants and which the PH was also a signatory way back 1960s. Vienne Conve's purpose is to 

the functions of the diplomatic mission involve, by and large, the representation of the interests of the sending state and promoting friendly relations with the receiving state

 

Doctrine:

Facts:

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Petitioner’s/Plaintiff’s Arguments:

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Respondent’s/Defendant’s Arguments:

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Issues and Ruling:

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Dispositive:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Donec enim diam vulputate ut pharetra sit amet aliquam id. Gravida rutrum quisque non tellus. Donec ultrices tincidunt arcu non. Ut aliquam purus sit amet. Pulvinar neque laoreet suspendisse interdum consectetur. Non enim praesent elementum facilisis leo vel fringilla est ullamcorper. Interdum varius sit amet mattis vulputate enim. Sagittis vitae et leo duis ut. Commodo quis imperdiet massa tincidunt nunc pulvinar sapien. Erat imperdiet sed euismod nisi porta. Nulla facilisi nullam vehicula ipsum a arcu cursus vitae. Amet aliquam id diam maecenas ultricies mi eget. Sit amet nulla facilisi morbi tempus iaculis urna id volutpat. Volutpat consequat mauris nunc congue nisi vitae. Sagittis eu volutpat odio facilisis mauris. A arcu cursus vitae congue mauris rhoncus. Amet purus gravida quis blandit. Faucibus vitae aliquet nec ullamcorper sit amet. Sed egestas egestas fringilla phasellus faucibus scelerisque eleifend donec pretium.

Other Notes:

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