Ponente: TORRES, J.

Decision Date: 1902-12-31

GR Number: G.R. No. 496

Digest Team 2 months ago
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Summary:

Category: Criminal Law The case involves the theft of sixteen bottles of champagne on board the transport Lawton while navigating the high seas. The defendants were accused of stealing the champagne, which belonged to Julian Lindsay. The defendants argued that the court of first instance did not have jurisdiction to try the case as the crime was committed on the high seas. The court sustained the demurrer and ordered the discharge of the defendants, ruling that the court did not have jurisdiction over crimes committed on the high seas.
Doctrine: The court held that the jurisdiction of the courts of first instance in criminal cases for crimes committed on board vessels registered or licensed in the Philippine Islands is defined by law. The court concluded that since the transport Lawton was not a vessel registered or licensed in the Philippine Islands, the court did not have jurisdiction to try the case.
Facts: The defendants were accused of stealing sixteen bottles of champagne on board the transport Lawton while it was navigating the high seas. The champagne belonged to Julian Lindsay.
Petitioner Arguments:
- The court of first instance has jurisdiction over all criminal cases where the penalty exceeds six months' imprisonment or a fine of over $100.
- The military governor and the civil commission have vested admiralty jurisdiction over crimes committed on board vessels flying the flag of the United States in the courts of first instance of the city of Manila.
Respondent Arguments:
- The court of first instance does not have jurisdiction to try the crime as it was committed on the high seas, outside the jurisdiction of the court.
Issues and Ruling:
1. Whether the court of first instance has jurisdiction to try the theft committed on the high seas. NO. The court ruled that the court of first instance does not have jurisdiction over crimes committed on the high seas, unless they are committed on board a vessel registered or licensed in the Philippine Islands.
Dispositive: The court affirmed the order of the court of first instance, sustaining the demurrer and ordering the discharge of the defendants. Costs are awarded to the government.

Doctrine:

The court held that the court of first instance did not have jurisdiction to try crimes committed on the high seas, unless the vessel involved was registered or licensed in the Philippine Islands. The court relied on Act No. 400, which added a new paragraph to Article 56 of Act No. 136, to define the jurisdiction of the courts of first instance in criminal cases for crimes committed on board vessels registered or licensed in the Philippine Islands.

Facts:

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Petitioner’s/Plaintiff’s Arguments:

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Respondent’s/Defendant’s Arguments:

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Issues and Ruling:

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Dispositive:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Donec enim diam vulputate ut pharetra sit amet aliquam id. Gravida rutrum quisque non tellus. Donec ultrices tincidunt arcu non. Ut aliquam purus sit amet. Pulvinar neque laoreet suspendisse interdum consectetur. Non enim praesent elementum facilisis leo vel fringilla est ullamcorper. Interdum varius sit amet mattis vulputate enim. Sagittis vitae et leo duis ut. Commodo quis imperdiet massa tincidunt nunc pulvinar sapien. Erat imperdiet sed euismod nisi porta. Nulla facilisi nullam vehicula ipsum a arcu cursus vitae. Amet aliquam id diam maecenas ultricies mi eget. Sit amet nulla facilisi morbi tempus iaculis urna id volutpat. Volutpat consequat mauris nunc congue nisi vitae. Sagittis eu volutpat odio facilisis mauris. A arcu cursus vitae congue mauris rhoncus. Amet purus gravida quis blandit. Faucibus vitae aliquet nec ullamcorper sit amet. Sed egestas egestas fringilla phasellus faucibus scelerisque eleifend donec pretium.

Other Notes:

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