Ponente: TORRES, J.

Decision Date: 1903-07-24

GR Number: G.R. No. 579

Digest Team 2 months ago
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Summary:

Category: Criminal Law The case involves the murder of Guillermo Balderrama and the serious injury of Eusebio Flor Bago by the accused, who were insurrectionists at the time. The accused believed that the victims were spies for the Americans due to their sale of English dictionaries. The Supreme Court ruled that the crimes were of a political nature and fell under the amnesty granted by the government.
Doctrine: The case highlights the application of amnesty in cases involving political crimes and the importance of considering the circumstances and policies of the government in determining the appropriate punishment.
Facts: Guillermo Balderrama and Eusebio Flor Bago were walking along a road when they were stopped by the accused. Balderrama was bound and taken to a nipa plantation where he was killed and buried. Bago was taken to a house and later thrown into a river after being seriously wounded. The accused believed that the victims were spies for the Americans.
Petitioner Arguments:
- The accused believed that the victims were spies for the Americans.
- The killings were motivated by political hatred and suspicion.
Respondent Arguments: None mentioned.
Issues and Ruling:
1. Whether the accused are entitled to amnesty. - YES
The Supreme Court ruled that the accused are included within the amnesty granted by the government. The crimes committed were of a political nature and were a result of internal political hatreds between Filipinos. The amnesty decree, prompted by the extraordinary circumstances and radical disturbance in the country, aimed to mitigate the severity of certain offenses. Therefore, the accused should be granted amnesty.
Dispositive: The accused, Felipe Abalos, Teodoro Pacheco, Cristobal Tenoliar, Esteban Pacheco, and Mariano Gonzalo, are included within the amnesty of July 4, 1902. Once they have taken the oath prescribed in the amnesty proclamation, they will be set at liberty.

Doctrine:

The court applies the principle of amnesty, which is an act of elevated statesmanship and timely generosity, intended to mitigate the severity of the law. Amnesty is a political act that aims to pardon and forgive certain offenses, and its conditions and requirements must be followed in deciding cases.

Facts:

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Petitioner’s/Plaintiff’s Arguments:

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Respondent’s/Defendant’s Arguments:

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Issues and Ruling:

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Dispositive:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Donec enim diam vulputate ut pharetra sit amet aliquam id. Gravida rutrum quisque non tellus. Donec ultrices tincidunt arcu non. Ut aliquam purus sit amet. Pulvinar neque laoreet suspendisse interdum consectetur. Non enim praesent elementum facilisis leo vel fringilla est ullamcorper. Interdum varius sit amet mattis vulputate enim. Sagittis vitae et leo duis ut. Commodo quis imperdiet massa tincidunt nunc pulvinar sapien. Erat imperdiet sed euismod nisi porta. Nulla facilisi nullam vehicula ipsum a arcu cursus vitae. Amet aliquam id diam maecenas ultricies mi eget. Sit amet nulla facilisi morbi tempus iaculis urna id volutpat. Volutpat consequat mauris nunc congue nisi vitae. Sagittis eu volutpat odio facilisis mauris. A arcu cursus vitae congue mauris rhoncus. Amet purus gravida quis blandit. Faucibus vitae aliquet nec ullamcorper sit amet. Sed egestas egestas fringilla phasellus faucibus scelerisque eleifend donec pretium.

Other Notes:

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