Criminal

Ponente: TORRES, J.

Decision Date: 1902-10-24

GR Number: G.R. No. 110

Digest Team 3 months ago
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Summary:

This case involves an armed conflict between Marcos Bautista and his son, Gregorio Bautista, against Antonio Yacat, Eugenio Yacat, Cristino Yacat, Macario Mangilit, and Pedro Lising. Marcos Bautista was killed during the fight, and Gregorio and the defendants were also wounded. The defendants plead not guilty, but their testimonies were contradictory and unsupported by evidence. The court finds that the killing falls under the crime of homicide in a confused and tumultuous affray. The defendants are held responsible for the killing, but it is unclear which of them inflicted the fatal wounds. The court also finds that the crime does not qualify as murder as none of the qualifying circumstances are present. The guilt of Antonio Yacat is aggravated by his relationship with the deceased. Pedro Ureta, the local president at the time, is found to have incurred criminal liability for refusing to prosecute the crime. The court rejects the motion for dismissal based on amnesty, as the defendants did not participate in the insurrection and the homicide was not politically motivated. The court reverses the judgment of the lower court and convicts Antonio Yacat to five years of correctional imprisonment, and Eugenio Yacat, Cristino Yacat, and Macario Mangilit to four years each. Pedro Ureta is sentenced to three months of arresto mayor. Eduardo Llanera is acquitted, and the case against Pedro Lising is left pending.

Doctrine:

The case establishes that in a confused and tumultuous affray where it is unclear which defendant specifically caused the death or inflicted the wounds, all defendants involved in the fight can be held collectively responsible for the killing. The court also recognizes the criminal liability of a public official who abuses their office by refusing to prosecute a crime.

Facts:

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Petitioner’s/Plaintiff’s Arguments:

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Respondent’s/Defendant’s Arguments:

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Issues and Ruling:

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Dispositive:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Donec enim diam vulputate ut pharetra sit amet aliquam id. Gravida rutrum quisque non tellus. Donec ultrices tincidunt arcu non. Ut aliquam purus sit amet. Pulvinar neque laoreet suspendisse interdum consectetur. Non enim praesent elementum facilisis leo vel fringilla est ullamcorper. Interdum varius sit amet mattis vulputate enim. Sagittis vitae et leo duis ut. Commodo quis imperdiet massa tincidunt nunc pulvinar sapien. Erat imperdiet sed euismod nisi porta. Nulla facilisi nullam vehicula ipsum a arcu cursus vitae. Amet aliquam id diam maecenas ultricies mi eget. Sit amet nulla facilisi morbi tempus iaculis urna id volutpat. Volutpat consequat mauris nunc congue nisi vitae. Sagittis eu volutpat odio facilisis mauris. A arcu cursus vitae congue mauris rhoncus. Amet purus gravida quis blandit. Faucibus vitae aliquet nec ullamcorper sit amet. Sed egestas egestas fringilla phasellus faucibus scelerisque eleifend donec pretium.

Other Notes:

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